Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its area ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and also north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies nearly half of the North American region as it is the second biggest country after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is said that the place was occupied by Inuits. At an archaeological degree, there is evidence that the first people who initially arrived at Canada, did so through crossing a land bridge that had formed in between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years ago (More on: canada visa application ).
History demonstrates that the first European contact the nation got was performed because of the pursuit made by the Italian John Cabot, who had been cruising after the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian coast and claimed it for the King. This trip, along with succeeding one in 1498, gave England the right to locate a great number of the eastern portion of ??North America; the truth is, they consequently claimed Newfoundland, Cape Breton and nearby areas in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to have a journey in search of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to look for wealth such as all those they had found in Inca and Aztec territory, in other words, they were centered on searching for gold above all else, however Cartier only uncovered “stones and some terrible and sharp rocks” based on what he stated in the diary.
Cartier persisted exploring and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), in whose property he claimed for France. French individuals loved their luxurious monopoly for several years, but in 1670 British came out with the purpose of forging a monopoly of the fur industry, that resulted in a legal debate among those who had on their side the discussions on land control. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the Government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that divided the region into two British colonies called Upper Canada (presently southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently southern Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, however the two provinces were governed by the British penal code. Each place had its assigned ruler and was able to select its cabinet or even executive council.
Issues increased since the authorities and its council were English however led a mostly French assembly, which generated political tension and rebellions. The suggestions of union soon appeared but it was not till 1840 that they were brought up as law. The two colonies quickly merged in the state of Canada, ruled by the completely new Parliament of Canada as the only legislative body.
Finally, it obtained its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined Canada in 1949.
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